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5 Key Trucking Regulations That Will Make An Impact In 2020

One of the most common challenges in the trucking industry, both for carriers and shippers, is understanding and having more transparency into government regulations. The FMCSA has had updates in policies recently, and many of these changes can substantially impact the current state of trucking in many ways. It is crucial to recognize the key trucking regulations that will come into play, and how can they affect your business.

What are the main trucking regulations to watch in 2020?

Alcohol and Drug Clearinghouse

The roll-out of the Alcohol and Drug Clearinghouse is probably the loudest and the most discussed update from the U.S. Department of Transportation. The project, that was officially released on January 6, 2020, is a secure database where any involved party can monitor if a certain Commercial Driver License holder has records of violation of alcohol and drug usage policies over the last five years. The testing requirement won’t change, but will now be located in a centralized online database. The main goal of the clearinghouse is bringing more visibility into driver’s professional history and improving drivers’ vetting process for motor carriers. The full compliance is expected on January 6, 2023.

HOS changes

The obligatory implementation of ELD’s and required recording of drivers’ hours of service increased the regulations’  compliance and safety. However, many of the HOS rules made it harder for drivers to operate in certain cases. The most common complaint was reduced schedule flexibility, which FMCSA decided to address in the newest update of these regulations. Here are some key outtakes of the proposed changes:

  • Add two more hours to the 11-hour driving limit
  • Increasing the short-haul exception from 12-hour limit to 14-hour limit, and 100 miles to 150 miles
  • Adding a 30-minute off-duty break as an extension of the 14-hour limit
  • Prolong the sleeping berth exception
  • Allowing any 30-minute time-off the road count as the rest time

The updates are called to give drivers more flexibility on how to use their off-duty time while being more efficient and compliant.

Entry-Level Driver Training (ELDT)

The new regulation that will take effect on February 7, 2020, is related to all the driver training providers. There are many independent training programs that promise to prepare college graduates for the trucking industry and make them CDL holders. However, with the new regulation, all education enthusiasts have to be registered in the Training Provider Registry and approved by the FMCSA.

Compliance, Safety, Accountability (CSA) Program

CSA is an already implemented safety program, however, the updated rules and requirements will be applied on September 20, 2020. Now, FMCSA is conducting an internal review of Item Response Theory. This will conclude to the final report and changes to the current testing programs, that are believed to increase safety on the roads and better inspect commercial motor vehicles.

California Assembly Bill (AB) 5

The new state regulation on working with independent contractors is not solely related to trucking but more to the general employment laws. However, it can greatly impact the hiring and employment process in the trucking industry as well. The new law restricts the ways to classify workers as independent contractors and pushes more towards signing them as employees. California AB 5 is called to bring more security to workers as employees, giving them more stable working conditions and avoiding the pitfalls of the gig economy. Although the law took effect in California, it’s likely that other states will follow these policy updates too.

Read 2020 Logistics Outlook: 3 Trends That Will Make an Impact

international roadcheck 2019

Preparing for the International Roadcheck 2019

Summer is just around the corner, and so is the most disruptive week in the trucking industry: the International Roadcheck 2019. The Commercial Vehicle Safety Alliance (CVSA) blitz is the largest inspection on the commercial motor vehicles in North America. This year, a 72-hour truck review will take place from June 4 – 6.

How does International Roadcheck 2019 work?

Starting on June 4, inspectors all over North America will execute numerous road inspections to define the violations and equipment malfunctions according to the North American Standard Level I Inspection. Each year, thousands of drivers and carriers are placed out of service because of the blitz. CVSA focuses on a different category of violation during each yearly inspection. In 2019, the theme of inspection is steering and suspension systems.

“Steering and suspension are safety critical systems for any commercial motor vehicle. Not only do they support the heavy loads carried by trucks and buses, but they also help maintain stability and control under acceleration and braking, keeping the vehicle safely on the road. Furthermore, they keep tires in alignment, reducing chances of uneven tire wear and possible tire failure, and they maximize the contact between the tires and the road to provide steering stability and good handling,” – CVSA President Chief Jay Thompson commented on the topic of inspection.

Interesting Facts

In 2018, more than 67,000 inspections over drivers and commercial vehicles were conducted on the roads. As a result, 11,910 vehicles (21.6 percent) and 2,666 drivers (3.9 percent) were placed out of service.

This year, the Commercial Vehicle Safety Alliance is planning to inspect an average of 17 commercial vehicles per minute.

Along with the main focus of this year’s road check, inspectors will check vehicles on fuel systems, driver’s seat, steering mechanisms, brake systems, and more. Drivers will also be checked for alcohol & drug impairment, and fatigue.

Hopefully, this gives you some insights for what to expect, so you can be fully prepared to pass the inspection.

How to Navigate the Driver Shortage

Why is the drivers’ shortage happening?

According to the survey by American Trucking Association, the driver’s shortage could reach 175,000 drivers by 2024, which is almost five times more than 2014 rate. These forecasts can soon become a reality, as the average age of American truck driver is 55 years. It is easy to figure out that in a matter of 10-15 years, the old generation of truckers will retire, and carriers will have to deal with a disastrous situation, as recruiting young talents is a challenge.

How to deal with the problem?

There are two main challenges in truckers’ recruitment: to decrease leaving rates among truckers and to attract young ones. For the first category, the answer is simple: give the drivers what they want. Usually, they don’t want a lot: simple things like competitive salary, less stress, and comfortable working conditions. To conquer the new generation of drivers, companies have to change their recruiting strategy.

  • Decrease the hauls time. These are primary and evident things that everyone wants to receive for doing a hard job. But roots of the driver’s deficit problem lay deeper than the layer of monetary reward. Changes involve personal approach and attention to important life events, like birthdays and anniversaries. Mere modifications like giving truckers extra time at home will increase efficiency and loyalty to the employer.
  • Provide comfortable equipment. No one wants to drive an old, run-down truck that has lots of issues. If you want the driver to spend a long time on the road, make the route enjoyable. Modern, spare, clean restrooms and small kitchens are vital for staying sane while driving long distances. Sleep deprivation is among the most painful troubles in a trucker’s job. Nutrition matters as well. Short break time prompts drivers to eat junk food, high in fat and sugar. Matching this with an inactive lifestyle will result in a collection of serious health problems and possible weight gain. Investing in the health of truckers will lead to enduring partnerships and can reasonably diminish the shortage.
  • Eliminate side responsibilities. Turns out that drivers are often involved in the time-consuming processes that are not in their direct competence. Equipping the trucks with smart devices like GPS and hands-off control will not only save shippers and drivers from time-consuming processes, but will also increase the safety during the route, as the driver is not distracted and can focus on the trail. Automation of the freight tracking process will also be a major step towards route optimization. If the driver goes to Chicago, you can update him with load offers ahead of arriving, so he doesn’t have to run an empty truck to the start point to receive a new order.

At the end of the day, better results require major changes. An update of all of the strategies that involve truckers can be a useful solution for decreasing the shortage. Optimizing the system, reducing the haul time, raising the payment, providing new equipment, and changing the approach towards drivers’ off-work life altogether will create a principal difference in the current situation.

Why Do We Need Truck Drivers?

Technology has completely taken over today’s world. Whether it is going to the grocery store, ordering items online, or just typing a question into Google – we expect products and answers almost instantly. As the demand for products and goods continues to grow, so does the importance of truck drivers.

Why do we need truck drivers?

Without truck drivers, we wouldn’t be able to do or buy half of the things that we need to. Truck drivers move billions of tons of freight each year and are the main reason we are able to walk into a store and purchase what we need. Without truck drivers, we would have to rely on local resources for food and wouldn’t have access to seafood, fruit and other meat options due to location restrictions. This can also apply to other products like oil, gas, and steel that are more abundant in certain parts of the U.S. than others.

importance of truck drivers

During this year’s National Truck Driver Appreciation Week, we want to take some time to highlight the importance of our truck drivers and say thank you for all of the hard work that they do. Many companies wouldn’t be able to be in business if it wasn’t for the hard work and commitment of truck drivers. Below are some of the main reasons that we should be thankful for truck drivers.

Importance of Truck Drivers

They’re Committed

Many truck drivers have been on the road for years and still enjoy what they do every day. Drivers commit to their work and make sure that their job gets done and deliveries are properly made.

They Help Businesses Run Smoothly

Businesses rely on trucks to bring in new shipments of products. For example, clothing stores would not be able to sell clothes without truck drivers delivering new items to them. Truck drivers are on the road early in the morning and late into the evening to deliver on time so that businesses can run smoothly.

They Spend Time Away from Family

Truck drivers often have to make sacrifices due to their busy schedules. Many truck drivers have children of their own and are away from home on deliveries for multiple days at a time. Being a truck driver requires putting in a lot of time on the road. Being able to balance work, family, and responsibilities at home is an important part of being a truck driver.

A world without truck drivers would be completely different than the world that we know today. Make sure to thank a truck driver this week to show appreciation for all that the drivers do for the world!


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3 Ways the ELD Mandate Has Impacted Trucking

The ELD (electronic logging device) trucking mandate is quite possibly the biggest change seen by the trucking industry in over 50 years, and one that many people have mixed feelings about. Since its introduction in December 2017, there’s no doubt it has made a considerable impact on the trucking industry. So, in order to gain a better understanding of this ELD mandate and its effects, we will discuss the implications of the ELD trucking mandate and how it has been impacting the trucking industry since it was put into place.

There are three areas that have been most affected by the trucking mandate, which are:

  • Cost
  • Productivity
  • Safety


According to the FMCSA, ELD’s were predicted to save approximately $1.6 billion per year as a result of less paperwork. Ultimately, savings indeed have been found through reduced fuel costs, decreased truck downtime and reduced crash rates.

ELD trucking mandate

The savings are surely impressive, but do they make up for the costs of implementing the ELDs? The most common device costs carriers are about $495 per truck. For a small or medium-sized business, that’s a huge expense. One that could drastically be changing the state of their business.


Prior to the ELD trucking mandate, industry experts estimated that ELDs would have a 3% – 5% impact on carrier productivity, especially on trips longer than 450, miles and short-haul operations of up to 300 miles that bump against the 14-hour rule. Larger fleets have additionally found a way to sustain productivity by sending out other trucks to pick up a load if a company driver is delayed or out of hours.


The driving force behind the ELD mandate has always been safety. The ELD mandate applies to over 3 million drivers on the road. Therefore, these are 3 million drivers that potentially would not cause fewer accidents due to fatigue and inaccurate HOS logging. An analysis by the FMCSA predicted that the ELD mandate would prevent approximately 20 fatalities and 434 injuries each year, due to driver fatigue. By ditching the paper and pen method and adopting the ELD method, current statistics have proven that the ELD mandate ensures that all drivers are following specific safety and compliance standards.

Trucking industry experts have predicted this kind of bumpy road following ELD implementation for a long time. If anything, the industry’s current struggles with the ELD could be a correction to the surging freight market.


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Minimizing the Impact of the ELD Mandate

ELD grace period is about to end

The electronic logging device (ELD) mandate is causing major changes to the industry and is making drivers want to leave the transportation industry instead of using the ELD. The regulation of the ELD rule began on April 1 after a three-month grace period allowing drivers to implement the device.

The mandate requires the use of an ELD to accurately record a driver’s hours of service. The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) said that the hours of service restrictions were put in place because of increased risk of crashes and chronic health conditions associated with lack of sleep when driving long distances as truckers do.

ELD mandate impact on trucking


This mandate is frustrating truck drivers and making some drivers leave the industry so that they don’t have to use the ELD. Before the mandate, truck drivers were concerned about bad weather, accidents or long detention times because of the potential to miss their next delivery. Now, with the mandate, any form of unexpected delay would put that driver over his/her hours of service mark and force them to stop for the night. This hurts the productivity and profit margins for drivers being paid by the trip.

Before the mandate, a shipper might have taken a six-hour run, made a delivery, picked up a new load and then returned home. Today, the same driver would have to stop because of going over the 11-hour driving limit and secure an overnight parking spot to stop and wait until they can get back on the road. Although this mandate is helping to create a safer environment on the road for all drivers, it is putting pressure on an industry already strapped for capacity.

As a shipper, there are things you can do to minimize the effects of the ELD mandate. You can:

  • Reduce the number of inbound deliveries entering their facilities through consolidation
  • Speed-up driver turn-around in their yards with dock scheduling and order management tools
  • Communicate effectively with promise dates, notifications and issues as they come up
  • Leverage the power of transportation technology to improve operations (a TMS)


These tips will help you reduce the number of trucks on the road and save money. It will be interesting to see what comes up in the industry in the coming months.


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The ELD Mandate Is Here: What’s Next?

The ELD mandate went into effect on December 18th, 2017, despite the attempts to delay it. The start hasn’t been smooth, many have been feeling the effects of it, but many are getting used to what is now a reality. A big topic of discussion is whether the mandate will remain in place, but it appears it is.ELD_Mandate_1.jpg

Presently, there are remaining questions about the enforcement and technical aspects of the mandate. Issues have been sprouting for fleet managers and drivers that no one expected until the mandate launched.

With some fleets rushing to be compliant by the 18th, some learned that their devices were not meeting the proper requirements that have been outlined by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA). The problem has been that fleets have opted for a fast and cheap alternative for an ELD device without understanding the requirements needed for that device.

This has left confusion among owners about whether or not their fleet is in compliance. If not in compliance, there is only an 8-day grace period to make the switch to a proper device or they face a penalty from the FMCSA. Many fleets have been complaining about the costs associated.

The Owner-Operator Independent Drivers Association (OOIDA), who opposed the mandate, has been receiving a multitude of negative feedback regarding the ELDs and the providers for them. They had once received over 50 calls in a day regarding a complaint about the ELDs. It’s assumed that the providers for the ELDs are not prepared to deal with the owner-operators yet as they are only used to dealing with large fleets.

Enforcement for the ELD mandate has been finicky to start. The FMCSA has enforcement personnel that began documenting violations during roadside inspections, and in some cases, issuing citations to those without a compliant ELD. But some drivers have not issued a citation dependent on the situation (i.e. Device not working abruptly, device notice to be switched etc.…). They will still issue citations for hour of service (HOS) violations though, so be prepared for that if it is to happen. Starting April 1st, 2018, enforcement will be allowed to place drivers out of service if they fail to present the required device.

Talking about being finicky, the technology still isn’t perfect. So, drivers who recently have been dealing with issues regarding their ELD have to find a workable solution if they are being inspected. Drivers have had to resort to the previous style of paper logging to record their hours of service because of a failed ELD solution. The fleet usually has records if the device fails but it creates an inconvenience for both the fleet and the driver. Enforcement will no doubt issue a violation if a driver cannot produce logs.

Either way, you put it, the ELD has not been running as smooth as the FMCSA has hoped. It is expected that the problems will continue to persist until the mandate is pulled back as some have hoped. Unless the technology can be perfected, there are still variables of error that can occur.

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5 Driver Safety Tips That Will Save You Money

Collisions are impossible to predict, and when they happen, they can cost your company millions. To combat this, you’ll want your fleet manager to construct a safety program that makes this unpredictable expense, well, predictable.

Fleetistics iStock-545806984.jpgstated that “investing in fleet safety technology is the most effective way to minimize collisions and all of the expenses that accompany them.”

Settlement payouts, repairs, insurance premium increases, and the harm to your brand’s image are too great a cost to risk. However, implementing technology isn’t a miracle fix. It definitely won’t benefit your business if your drivers and managers aren’t using it effectively.

According to Mobileye, onboarding is the most important factor in this equation, as it’s the best place to begin. The driver is already learning about driver safety during this stage, and since they’re new, they’re going to take it seriously.

Use the following tips and tricks to save your business money, increase productivity and employee satisfaction, and boost your revenue.

  1. Explain how adhering to the safety program benefits the driver. Before even understanding the different fleet safety systems, the driver needs to know why using them is beneficial. Reasons, like protecting their health and boosting earning potential, are sure to encourage new hires to take the learning process seriously and sweat the details.
  2. Empower drivers to look for solutions. Certain fleets will have drivers that travel through desert plains or snow for days. When they’re taught how to seek out safe solutions for situations that are common, they’ll be empowered to critically solve future problems for their team.
  3. Connect new drivers with experienced drivers. Experienced drivers with a record of safety can be an invaluable asset to your company and your new hire. Shadowing is not uncommon among fleets, and if a driver with a record of safety is training the new hire, they won’t be as prone to reckless driving practices as they would be if an unsafe driver had done it.
  4. Provide safety incentive programs. You’d be hard pressed to find a better way to capture employees’ attention than an incentive program. Choose an incentive that works well for your business and that your drivers respond to.
  5. Never stop monitoring. Keeping drivers compliant after training is a challenge, but it can be made easier by staying up to date on their driving history. Don’t stop monitoring and training your employees after they’ve become seasoned.

Read next: 5 Things Carriers Should Stop (Now).

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Can Shippers Beat This Year’s Capacity Crunch?

From 2015 to 2016, freight declined hurriedly, by as much as 15% in the dry van sector. In 2016, freight volume and rates began to rise and shippers had a consistent capacity. Freight demand was strong at the end of 2016; the DAT Freight Index revealed that spot market demand increased for 6 straight months, from June-December 2016. This year, analysts are predicting less capacity, steady freight volume, and rising rates.

According to Sean Monahan, logistics expert, economic and motor conditions are trusted to keep favoring a “shipper’s market” at the beginning of 2017 and a realignment of factors are projected to result in moderately higher transportation rates.

In an in-depth analysis, the State of Logistics report from CSCMP expects that supply chain professionals will be less concerned with paying higher trucking rates than being able to find trucking capacity to haul freight.

Progress in energy, restoring, in-sourcing, e-commerce, and automated manufacturing are expected to grow faster than the rate of GDP, which means more transportation needs in the parcel, last-mile delivery, LTL services, and contract logistics. Capacity is determined by the volume of freight that needs to be moved and the number of available trucks to move it, and in 2017 with the change in government administration and policies, additional regulatory influences and economic developments, the industry is expecting healthy freight volumes to continue but with less qualified capacity and higher rates.


The ELD mandate, requiring all heavy-duty trucks to use electronic logging devices to log hours of service, is effective this December. Even though many large fleets have installed the technology, smaller carriers and owner-operators haven’t made the switch from paper logs. By this summer, carriers that still lack ELDs will have a problem finding shippers willing to move freight with them. Industry predictions say that capacity will
shrink somewhere between 3-10% after the mandate.

A DAT Rate View report shows that since February 2016, diesel prices have climbed 59 cents per gallon and analysts believe fuel prices will continue to rise in 2017. Fuel is the second-highest expense for carriers. When fuel prices rose sharply in 2008, the number of carrier bankruptcies also skyrocketed.

Political, regulatory and economic factors should yield a rate increase for motor carriers, too. The improvements have already led to declining unemployment rates, increasing real wages for workers and economic growth.

Other Opportunities?

Truckload freight will spill over into less-than-truckload in a more noticeable way, and intermodal volumes will flourish as carriers and railroads build deeper collaborative relationships. Railroads are expected to handle more long-haul freight, which frees up compliant drivers to move freight. The ATA forecasts that intermodal transportation will grow at a rate of 5.5% each year until 2022. With intermodal transportation, shippers can benefit with predictable pricing, dependable capacity, and cargo safety.

Related PLS Logistics s: Shipper Strategy: What to Do as ELD Mandate Threatens Capacity

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Market Update: $3+ Trillion to Keep Up with Infrastructure Repairs

transportation.jpgPorts and surface transportation must be able to accommodate the country’s growing population and freight volumes. The US DOT predicts that by 2045, freight volume will increase by 45% and America’s population will grow by 70 million people. America’s infrastructure has an average rating of a D+, ranking 12th worldwide in its health of infrastructure.

  • 65% of America’s major roads are rated “less than good condition”
  • In Pennsylvania, nearly 1 in 4 bridges are considered structurally deficient
  • Motorists spend $5.7 billion a year from driving on roads that need repair in Texas

As economic trends and federal policies change, so will the US freight market and infrastructure project prioritization. “Tax reform, trade, infrastructure: we have a role to play in all of those issues,” said Chris Spear, president, and CEO of the American Trucking Association (ATA).

Under 2015’s Fixing America’s Surface Transportation (FAST) Act, states have a key role in how the US plans for freight moves and what infrastructure projects will be completed. While freight and shipping have always been a part of our national infrastructure, until the FAST Act, it hadn’t been a national policy priority. The goal of the FAST Act is to ensure adequate freight mobility.

  • 6 months after the FAST Act was passed, 57% of the states identified a total of 6,202 freight projects and 71% of the states have state freight plans that they’re actively working on.
  • The State of Freight II report shows nearly 80% of US port members reported a minimum of $10 million investment being needed in their port’s intermodal connectors through 2025, while 30% anticipated at least $100 million would be needed.

In his first press conference as president-elect, Trump talked about his priority to restore highways, bridges, tunnels, and airports. Trump said, “We’re going to rebuild our infrastructure, which will become, by the way, second to none. And we will put millions of our people to work as we rebuild it.”

President-elect Trump has expressed a concept of a 10-year, $1 trillion infrastructure proposal, which could yield positive effects for the trucking industry. “Infrastructure is our industry’s lifeblood: we need good infrastructure,” says Spear. Wired.com states that putting $18 billion a year into roads, bridges, and waterways could create a $29 billion jump in GDP and more than 200,000 jobs.

The American Society of Civil Engineers estimates that it’ll cost more than $3 trillion to keep up with repairs and replacements of our country’s infrastructure.

Trump has publicly stated his stand on lowering corporate taxes, which will have an effect on all the transportation sector. “Lower corporate taxes would likely result in businesses considering either establishing or reshoring US operations,” said Sandeep Kar of Frost & Sullivan. He continues, “While this would appear to be great news for the US trucking industry, it may not be as great for the US or global truck manufacturers and suppliers. Lower corporate taxes will most likely drive service-based businesses to the US, which would be of less benefit to freight movement than a move of manufacturing operations.”

Since freight tonnage and freight transportation will continue to grow, it’s important to not neglect the nation’s roads, bridges, and waterways. To improve the nation’s infrastructure, we need to focus on sustainability, resiliency, and maintenance.

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Sources: Fleet Owner, Infrastructure Report Card