Tag Archives: palletizing

10 Tips for Proper Freight Palletizing

The knowledge of how to properly palletize is very important in order to prevent many accidents that happen all the time in warehouses. This knowledge will help you save a ton of time and money dealing will freight damage, as well as frustration over these damaged goods.

To help ensure that you don’t have to deal with the nightmare of freight damage, we will cover 10 essential tips to palletize your boxes properly.

1. Use a Slip Sheet

A slip sheet is a plastic sheet that is used to protect cargo on the bottom of the pallet. Using slip sheets can help avoid compression strength deprivation. For example, when wooden pallets are used, there is no support of the boxes’ bottom because there are spaces of up to 4 inches in between decks.

palletize

2. Stabilize Boxes

It’s a simple physics law: Place the heaviest boxes on the bottom of the pallet (the top layer should be full for steadiness)., but if there are not enough boxes to fully stack a pallet, place the last few along the outside edge.

3. Don’t Neglect Wide Gaps

Some wooden pallets have wide gaps between boards (around 4 inches). When you bridge this gap with a box, you create an overhang situation which reduces a box’s compression resistance potential.

4. Stack in Columns

In order to reduce the danger of damage and for greater stability, boxes should be stacked in columns with one box directly over the other. Also, stick items as close to each other as possible. Column stacks prove to be the best way to make pallets stable and safe for shipment.

5. Don’t Interlock Boxes

Interlocking can reduce strength by 50 percent and lead to freight damage. Since two-third of potential compression strength is in vertical edges and corners, it is important to stack boxes edge-to-edge and corner-to-corner.

6. Strap for Extra Safety

Use metal strapping or plastic wrap to secure individual pieces over 150 pounds to the pallet. Keep banding and straps close to the load to minimize damage.

7. Use Stretch Wrap

Putting boxes into columns can make the load sensitive to shifting. The best solution to this problem is to use stretch wrap. Stretch wrap can be applied manually or with the help from a wrap machine.

8. Avoid Stacking in Pyramids

Pyramid-shaped loads may appear to be stable, but it is a less secure and less steady form of palletizing. The top boxes in a pyramid have a high risk of damage.

9. Don’t Create Overhang

Overhang happens when boxes are hanging over the edge of the pallet. When this happens, two edges of the box that are not hanging get all the work for load support. Overhanging exposes freight to damage and decreases a pallet’s strength. Pallet overhang can reduce top to bottom compression up to 30 percent.

10. Make Sure to Use Labels

To palletize properly, print a visual reminder of proper pallet patterns and place it on the container or provide it to the staff. Also, don’t forget to label all shipment pallets with an address and phone number.

Make sure to keep these tips in mind when palletizing your boxes to avoid freight damage!

 

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Do’s and Don’ts of Palletizing

 

palletizingPalletizing may seem like a simple task of stacking boxes in the right order, yet doing this without the proper skills and knowledge may cause freight damage. Improper palletizing can lead to 50% of boxes’ compression strength loss.

We’ve created a useful palletizing guide to help you with shipment consolidation.

A Guide for Palletizing Freight:

Use a Slip Sheet

This is a plastic sheet, used to protect cargo on the bottom of the pallet. On wooden pallets, spaces between decks can be up to 4 inches, which results in no support of the boxes’ bottom. To avoid compression strength deprivation, use slip sheets to cover the bottom of the pallet.

Put Boxes in Stable Position

It’s a simple physics law: create a stable base layer by placing the heaviest boxes on the bottom of the pallet. The top layer should be full for steadiness, but if there are not enough boxes to fully stack a pallet, place the last few along the outside edge.

palletizing

Stack in Columns

For greater stability, boxes should be stacked in columns with one box directly over the other. To reduce the danger of damage, stick items as close to each other as possible. Column stacks prove to be the best way to make pallets stable and safe for shipment.

Strap for Extra Safety

Use metal strapping or plastic wrap to secure individual pieces over 150 pounds to the pallet. Keep banding and straps close to the load to minimize damage.

Use Stretch Wrap

Putting boxes into columns can make the load sensitive to shifting. The best solution to this problem is to use a stretch wrap. It can be applied manually or with the help of a wrapping machine.

Help from Labels

For correct palletizing, print a visual reminder of proper pallet patterns and place it on the container or provide it to the staff. Also, don’t forget to label all shipment pallets with an address and phone number.

Stack in Pyramid

Pyramid-shaped loads may appear to be stable, but it is a less secure and less steady form of palletizing. The top boxes in a pyramid have a high risk of damage. Don’t build pyramids.

Neglect Wide Gaps

Some wooden pallets have wide gaps between boards, around 4 inches. When you bridge this gap with a box, you create an overhang situation which reduces a box’s compression resistance potential.

Interlock Boxes

Interlocking can reduce strength by 50% and lead to freight damage. Since 2/3 of potential compression strength is in vertical edges and corners, it is important to stack boxes edge-to-edge and corner-to-corner.

Create an Overhang

Overhang happens when boxes are hanging over the edge of the pallet. When this happens, two edges of the box that are not hanging get all the work for load support. Overhanging exposes freight to damage and decreases a pallet’s strength. Pallet overhang can reduce top to bottom compression up to 30%.

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Understanding Standard Pallet and Truck Dimensions in Freight Shipping

pallet and truck dimensionsUnderstanding the capacity and capability of the common means of shipping, namely trucks and vans, can make it easier when a customer has to select a transportation option to best fit their needs.

But with so many different options out there, it can get a little confusing from time to time. A better understanding of truck and pallet dimensions will better help you decide which service is right for you.

Some common options include:

  1. Dry Van: Dry Van shipments are the most common form of freight transportation out there. Dry Vans typically move non-perishable food items, textiles and retail clothing, as well as various manufactured paper and plastic products.
  2. Flatbed Truck: Flatbed Trucking has been a staple of PLS Logistics since the early 90’s. Typically used for transporting large amounts of industrial or oversized goods like sheet metal, construction equipment, and lumber, flatbed trucks come in several varieties, dependent on your needs.
  3. Refrigerated Shipping: More commonly referred to as a reefer, refrigerated or climate-controlled shipping is the go-to option for the transportation of perishable food items like produce, meats, and dairy. Similar in appearance to standard dry vans, climate-controlled vans vary in capacity and size depending on the level of insulation and type of lining.

Need more info on Trailers? Check out our Trailer Equipment Guide. In it, you’ll find:

  • Industry standards for the entire PLS network of carriers
  • Load capacities
  • Size dimensions
  • Detailed breakdowns of the capabilities and usage of each trailer type

Furthermore, here is a quick breakdown of how pallets affect day-to-day shipping:

Truck capacity is usually determined by the number of pallets a truck can fit at once. Made up of wooden supports and three or four “stringers” or cross beams, shipping material by the pallet makes them easier to load and transport.

The two most common pallet sizes in North America are:

  1. 40 x 48
  2. 42 x 42”

By breaking down large shipments into a standardized unit like a 40 x 48” pallet, it is much easier to keep tabs on large shipments all over the country.