Almost 90 percent of goods and food are shipped to us on overseas journeys. Ocean freight shipping lets manufacturers and suppliers move an enormous amount of freight to opposite parts of the world.
10 Interesting Facts about Ocean Freight Shipping
- All of the goods on an ocean shipment are moved in containers that usually are 20 – 40 feet tall in size.
- Sea shipping is not the fastest option but can be one of the cheapest options for transporting large amounts of goods. For example, you will pay almost the same cost for 200 kg shipment and 2000 kg one.
- As truck shipment types differ, ocean delivery options also differ and provide shippers with options. There are two main kinds of container fulfillment: full container load (FCL), which means your freight takes all the container capacity, and less-than-container load (LCL), which suggests partial load and therefore partial payment.
- The largest ship can transfer up to 18,000 containers, and to put that into perspective, it would equal 745 million bananas. The ship carrying that number of containers could give every single European a banana, and there would still be some leftover.
- Ocean shipping is one of the most sustainable types of transportation. A vessel from China to France emits less gas than a truck going from Houston to Oklahoma City.
- Pirates are a real danger. On average, there are two ships stolen by pirates every day. Somalian pirates’ attacks occur more often than violence in South Africa, making there an extremely high level of crime.
- 98 percent of seafarers are male. One-third of them are Filipinos.
- There are nearly 55,000 commercial ships covering the water surface.
- The biggest fleet owners are Germany, Japan, and Greece. The industry is rather private and keeps information on the inside of associations. The official association of ship owners in Greece, for instance, does not even disclose the number of members in the organization.
- Surprisingly, almost 33 percent of freight ships have no means of communication with the outer world while in the ocean.
Ocean shipping is one of the oldest and most convenient methods to move goods across the world. Despite its low cost, there is a lot of work to do when arranging pick up from the port or to the port for delivery.
Learn more about ocean shipping in Ocean Shipping: Let’s Talk LCL
What is a Flatbed?
Flatbed is a piece of transportation equipment in the form of open trailer with sides and no roo. Flatbed shipping is a mode of trucking that suggests moving freight in an open, no-roof trailer. Flatbed trailers are typically used for industrial freight that is oversized and overweight. Flatbed shipping can be a great resource for many companies to use for their shipments.
Here are 6 flatbed shipping facts you should know
- Flatbed shipping is highly dependent on the weather. It is a cyclical and seasonal business, dependent upon construction and capital expenditures. This makes fleet optimization very difficult for flatbed carriers as it is hard to keep all drivers busy during off seasons, while still maintaining enough drivers to handle large volumes of freight during the peak season.
- There are more than 14 types of flatbed trucks, but flatbed, step deck, and double drop deck are the three most common types of flatbed trailers. Flatbed trailers are versatile, making them a common asset for carriers. Step-deck trailers can haul taller loads than flatbed trailers, usually, have a ramp for loading/unloading, and tend to be safer for forklift pickup. Double drop deck trailers have extra axles for better balance, have a 25-29 foot well to hold freight, and are used to haul flatbed freight that’s over 10 feet tall.
- Typical flatbed freight includes auto parts, construction equipment, excavators, generators, lumber, mining/drilling equipment, solar panels, tubing, and steel.
- Flatbed shipping gets tricky with over-dimensional freight, such as a crane. Certain over dimensional flatbed shipments need pilot vehicles, lights, and signs designating oversize freight, and/or proper cargo securement procedures.
- Cargo securement is a big issue in flatbed shipping. FMCSA has a lengthy section of rules for securement, even taking the time to write commodity-specific requirements on working load limits and blocking and bracing. The rules go through just about every type of cargo and method of cargo securement to demonstrate their appropriate uses. Obviously, insecure cargo is a serious safety hazard, especially while decelerating or accelerating in reverse.
- The intersection of I-20/59 and I-65 in Alabama is known as “Malfunction Junction”. It is an odd intersection as the two roads cross over each other twice. Since 1987, there have been approximately 30 accidents at this site caused by dropped cargo from flatbed trucks (and several more from tankers). Often it’s steel coils that fell off during a rollover, jackknife or from a securement failure. The accidents have caused serious damage to the highway, costing up to $300,000 per incident, and a lot of flatbed freight is purposely routed around the area.
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